Great Himalayan National Park – come closer to Wildlife

Posted in Asia | November 8, 2011 | Comment Now

India is synonymous with the Great Himalayas. They are a major source of inspiration and respect and awe. Today they stand tall as the largest mountains in the whole world. They are called Devbhumi or the abode of Gods. One of the best

Mountain regions in the entire planet are a great store house for biological habitats and biodiversity.

This ecological structure of the Himalayas led to the Great Himalayan National Park being created. This lies in the district of Kullu in the state of Himachal Pradesh. This expanse of land has the greatest biodiversity, with very few people living here and the place is also inaccessible, and not many tourists go here.

Today this is an important source of water in the villages and the cities of the region of Himachal Pradesh. There are four rivers which have their origin in the park as there are glaciers from which some of the Indian rivers originate. Today the national park is a great source of livelihood for all those who live near the park. Lumbering, non timber work, keep them occupied. Production of fruit nuts, honey, flowers and fuel wood etc are the major sources of occupation for the people near the Great Himalayan National Park.

Great Himalayan National Park
Today this park is considered as a great public profile. In fact the communities internationally consider this as a site where the entire biodiversity is under test. The local people who live in the buffer zone that lies next to the park have understood that they have actually exploited the greenery here and the medicinal herbs too. The sheep and the goats here have grazed the pastures a bit too much.

The Himachal Wildlife Project supervised the region around Beas and tried to define limits for the park. So the Rivers Saini, Tirthan and Jiwa drained into lands which became the Great Himalayan Park in the year 1984. This national park starts at a height of around 1700 metres. The highest peak here is at a height of around 5800 metres. Spanning over an area of 754 and more square kms, there are ridges of snow that encircle the whole park. There is a buffer area which is around 5 km, and they go up to the western end of the park. There is an ecozone, which is around 326square kms. There is no habitation as per the Wildlife Protection Act 1972. There is a Saini Wildlife Sanctuary which covers the area of Marore and Shakti.

Great Himalayan National Park
There are two major regions of fauna here. There is one that is in the south and that is oriental and the other is the Palaearctic which lies in the north. The main flora fauna is the temperate forest. There is a wide diversity of zones which give a lovely forest here which is alpine, sub tropical and glacial besides having temperate forests.

All these features are a result of the geological creations in the Himalayas that continue here even now which gave rise to a mixture of flora and fauna which is the dominant feature of the Himalayan National park.

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