Archive for the ‘North America’

  • Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

    Posted in North America | April 19, 2010
    Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is located on Big Island off the island of Hawaii in the USA. The park, established in 1916, has a long natural evolutionary history. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park has been designated as an International Biosphere Reserve in 1980 and a World Heritage Site in 1987. The area of the park is 1,309 square kilometres. The park is governed by National Park Service. Hilo is the nearest city. Geography: The park has a great geographical variety ranging from sea to massive volcano (The largest volcano in the world, Mauna Loa with an altitude of 4,169 metres is located here). The landscape features range from volcanic lavas, dry forest to rainforest and rocky beaches. Volcanic manifestations include calderas, pit craters,  [...]
  • Arches National Park Utah

    Posted in North America | April 19, 2010
    Arches National Park is an American national park located in Canyon Country in the eastern part of the state of Utah in the United States. The Arches National Park Utah is famous for the world’s biggest concentration of natural sandstone arches (about 2,000 of them), including the famous Delicate Arch and other fascinating geological formations. The park is 310 square kilometres in size with the highest elevation being Elephant Butte (1,723 metres). Forty three arches have crumbled under erosion since 1970. The park was designated as a National Monument in April 1929 and a national park in November 1971. The park is administered by National Park Service. Climate: Temperature frequently varies in Arches National Park Utah. July is the hottest  [...]
  • Sequoia National Park

    Posted in North America | April 16, 2010
    Sequoia National Park is located in the southern Sierra Nevada in Tulare County in California in the USA. The park, which covers an area of 1,635 square kilometres, was set up in 1890. Sequoia National Park features a vertical relief of nearly 4,000 metres (the western slope of USA’s highest summit Mt. Whitney is located here) and is contiguous with Kings Canyon National Park that lies to its north. Both parks are administered by the National Park Service. The combined area of thses two national parks is 3,504 square kilometres and the altitude ranges from 418 metres to 4,421 metres, height of Mt Whitney. Geography: The national park experiences topographic variation and a striking diversity in elevation (ranging from 412 metres to 4,417  [...]
  • Shenandoah National Park

    Posted in North America | April 15, 2010
    Shenandoah National Park is located in the state of Virginia (it touches as many as eight counties) in eastern United States. Shenandoah national Park is a hot tourist destination with a footfall of over million people every year. Total area of the park, which was set up in 1935, is 805 square kilometres. Geography: Shenandoah National Park features segments of Blue Ridge Mountains in Virginia. The park is long and narrow in nature and is flanked by Shenandoah River and valley to the west and the rolling hills of the Virginia Piedmont to the east. Hawksbill Mountain at 1,235 metres is the highest peak in the park. Climate: Higher elevation areas of the park experience mild winters and cool summers. Temperatures in January range from about –7  [...]
  • Acadia National Park

    Posted in North America | April 15, 2010
    Acadia National Park is located on the Atlantic coast off Down East region of Maine, near the town of Bar Harbor in New England in the United States. The national park, comprising much of Mount Desert Island and other smaller islands off the Atlantic coast, features diverse geographical features like mountains, coastline, lakes and woodlands. Areawise, Acadia National Park comprises 123 square kilometres are on Mount Desert Island, 11 square kilometres area on Isle au Haut (small island located southeast of Mount Desert Island) and 9 square kilometres area on the Schoodic Peninsula in the mainland. Although a smaller park in the USA, Acadia National Park attracts about 3 million visitors annually. Climate: Acadia’s climate is determined by  [...]
  • Zion National Park

    Posted in North America | April 14, 2010
    Zion National Park is located in southern Utah (Washington, Kane and Iron counties) in the USA.  The park is a top tourist attraction for its incredible rock formations and high sandstone cliffs and also desert landscapes including sandstone canyons, mesas and high plateau regions. The 24 km long and 800 metres deep Zion Canyon is a significant feature of Zion National Park (area: 593 square kilometres). The national park was established way back in 1909 and is governed by the National Park Service. Geography: Zion National Park is situated at the junction of Colorado Plateau, Great Basin and Mojave Desert regions. Horse Ranch Mountain (2,660 metres high) is the highest peak in the park while the lowest point is Coal Pits wash (1,117 metres).  [...]
  • Glacier National Park

    Posted in North America | April 14, 2010
    Glacier National Park is located in the state of Montana in the USA, bordering the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia of neighbouring Canada. The park is spread over an area of 4,047 square kilometres and has been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Glacier National Park along with adjoining Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada is known as Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. The two togther were designated as the world’s first International Peace Park in 1932 and as Biosphere Reserves in 1976. Geography: Glacier National Park features two mountain ranges besides over 130 named lakes and a diverse ecosystem. The rocks in the park are sedimentary in nature. Climate: The western part of the park receives maximum rainfall  [...]
  • Yosemite National Park

    Posted in North America | April 13, 2010
    Yosemite National Park is located in Tuolumne, Mariposa and Madera counties in east-central California in the USA. The national park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is famous for its granite cliffs, waterfalls, sequoia groves and rich biological diversity. The national park with an area of 1200 square miles, is the third most visited national park in the country. The park was established in 1890. Mariposa is the nearest city to Yosemite National Park. National Park Service is the governing body of the park. The park is divided into 5 sections, namely, Yosemite Valley, Wawona/Mariposa Grove/ Glacier Point, Tuolumne Meadows, Hetch Hetchy and Crane Flat/White Wolf. Geography: Yosemite is one of the largest and least fragmented habitat  [...]
  • Badlands National Park

    Posted in North America | April 12, 2010
    Badlands National Park is located in southwestern part of South Dakota (Jackson, Pennington and Shannon Counties) in the United States. The national park spread over an area of 2,44,000 includes the Badlands Wilderness and features rugged terrain and unique rock formations in the shape of colourful domes and canyons. These formations, however, stand in stark contrast against the hills and prairies where they are located. Badlands was declared as Badlands National Monument in March, 1929 but it was officially established only in January 1939. It was redesignated as a national park in November 1978. Red Shirt Table (1,020 metres) is the highest point in the park. Formation: About 60 million years ago when the Rockies Mountains were at its stage  [...]
  • Mesa Verde National Park

    Posted in North America | April 12, 2010
    Mesa Verde National Park is located in Montezuma County in southwestern Colorado in the USA. Mesa Verde (Spanish term meaning ‘green table’ in English), spread across an area of 211 square kilometres and designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site is particularly famous for its well-preserved cliff dwellings, which undoubtedly earn reputation as some of the most spectacular archaeological attractions in the entire North American continent. The park features ruins of homes and villages built by Anasazis (or Ancestral Puebloans), the ancient Pueblo people, who made the region their homeland about 1400 years ago. The park has four main areas, namely: Morefield Campground, Far View, Chapin Mesa, and Wetherill Mesa. Geography: Elevation in Mesa  [...]